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ISSUE 48  

2010-08-24 10:59:38|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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The study of history places too much emphasis on individuals. The most significant events and trends in history were made possible not by the famous few, but by groups of people whose identities have been forgotten.

  Every time when talking about the history issues different people may keep different opinions. However, most scholars would like to agree that the most efficient way to study history is to analyze key individuals in the history events. Through key persons analysis, a lot of scholars arrive at the same end by different roads. That is why historian would like to look for clues from the famous few in the history.

  It is necessary to place enough attention on key individuals.只有适当且有效的研究关键人物,包括他们的背景、社会关系和人物性格,才能更加深刻的从各种事件中找出与所要研究的对象相关的部分。Firstly, common sense tells us that the older the events happened, the fewer the records of historical event there would be. Even among the limited materials, most of the descriptions of the history would be some stories of the famous ones. Historian should approach these stories so as to understand what really happened in the history. Secondly, even if there are numerous materials about one history event, key individual analysis still play the unique role in the study of history. Because plenty of materials means there would be a lot of clues. 缺少逻辑。Placing emphasis on individuals would help find the most valuable information from 众多的研究资料中。这样就能节省大量的manpower and resources,提高efficiency.

  Simply put, without focusing on those key individuals, researchers would find themselves bogged down in the Sargasso Sea of information overload. While it was still fine for some researchers to learn and understand the few events and records exsit during the era as old as Adam, no one can possibly understand and assimilate all the information in any given historical problem.

  Actually, it is the famous heros and invidiuals lead the huamn society moving forward. They are the creater of the history. Overview the history of western society, those key individuals play decisive role in the historical events that have huge influence on today's society. Without Walt's steam engine, there might be no industrial revolution. Similarly, without George Washington, it might be difficult to say that who would win the war of independence. It follows that when considering the social movements, we should never refuse to contend the peerless role of several famous individuals. Without the insight, wisdom and judicious judgment of these individuals, these movements might not have been successful. 

  Finally, placing emphasis on the famous few by no means that scholars should not study the ordinary people in the history. Even through their identities might have been forgotten, ordinary people is one part of the past. The study of history would be uncompleted if historian do not study the activities of them. 英雄人物也是从普通人之中走出来的。As one famous physicist once said: ' I can only research what I do because there are so many people who come before me to whom I can turn for basic knowledge. Each person may only hold enough knowledge to add a small rung to the ladder, but together we can climb to the moon.' This illustrate the point that only with the help from ordinary people, the so called heros could make the great success.

  In conclusion, historical analysis is more chanllenging than genetic experimentation. It is only when one can make with them a mosaic that we can see that they may form a picture. 研究关键历史人物能够帮助我们更合适且高效的研究历史问题,但同时我们也不能忘记普通人物在历史中的重要作用。

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