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2010-08-28 11:13:40|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Every crucial social change alters the essence of the activities in the different social spheres, and is mainfested in new interconnections between those spheres.

 

All this means that political and moral goals, means and actions can contradict one another only within certain bounds; if those are trespassed the political system is threatened by instability and failure.

 

No socially important action is without a positive or negative moral dimension.

作为开头

Nobody is utterly good or bad. This is a crucial fact keep in mind when we try to depict a person's overall character. We are, each of us, a complex set of selves, integrated -- more or less -- into a whole. Yet the whole is all but impossible to evaluate. So we look at the Martin Luther King and we are likely to judge him highly based on the power of his prophetic ministry despite evidence of tawdry morality in his personal life. We look at -- oh, say Adoplh Hilter -- and, judge him as evil because we know of his murderous hatefulness that led to the death of millions. We do not much care whether he carried candy in his pockets to give to children, as some of his biographers claims.

  When we make moral evaluations of famous people we often focus on a signal dimension of their charater. For our evaluations of the famous are often not meant to be thorough moral profiles but teaching tools. We tend to singal out the traits we want to avoid or emulate.

   Our willingness to make this sort of private-public distincition affects more than presidents. It affects the very language we use to describe which public figures are morally good and which people are not. It goes, really, to our deepest understanding of the existence and nature of the private sphere -- the sphere into which, in the best American tradition, one simply does not pry.

   The wall between public and private is an important one to maintain even if it means we will sometimes ignore personal traits or conduct that could well diminish our opinion of the overall person. We should maintain this wall not to protect public figures from the judgments that might naturally flow from their conduct but because we should prize and protect the idea of privacy. Privacy, after all, is vital to our essence. It comes with our humanity that we are entitled to a region where we can freely think, speak, and behave with confidence that we are, for that instance, on our own. This is not to deny the importance of norms of conduct in holding the community together. Norms are crucial. Community is crucial. The links we form to others are crucial. But so are spaces to be ourselves.

  A politician's job is to build, maintain, and expand the wealth, prosperity and political influence of his nation, district, country, state or what have you. This is his or her primary concern. Many more times than you and I would like to think, realizing those goals require them to make choices that are outside the bounds of morality.

  Moral leaders think in terms of deontological approach to ethics and morals while the political leader thinks in terms of consequences or a utilitarian approaches to ethics and morality.

  商业领袖

What ethical conduct and socially responsible behavior have in common is they both start from values and, when applied effectively, both enhance the company's reputation and so contribute to performance and shareholder value.

Company leaders are responsible for reputation management. They need to be inspiring role modles of values-based leadership. Such leadership is more likely to result in employees giving the company their loyalty and superior performance. Employees want to feel proud of the ccompany they work for as well we comfortable with its culture and values.

Increasingly, in knowledge based industries, the distinctive competitive factor will be the ability to attract and retain the most talented people. There is a need to establish an organization culture(values, beliefs, behavior) which gives each employees the opportunity to obtain personal fulfilment.

In every business, including small business and dot.coms, a focus on traditional ethical values will not only provide some stability and consistency, in the face of a world of accelerating change, but will also enable those businesses to command greater trust from their shareholders and to become more successful.

A business that doesn't invest in building trust will, over time, be rejected by the market, by investors, by its customers and above all by its own people -- its employees.

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